Although facilitating data access seems widely acceptable, it appears that freely sharing one's data is not always that easy. In fact, several issues are to be considered including intellectual property and recognition. According to many, cultural changes are required within the scientific community, not only to valorize publications but also the data used as the basis for those publications
Data ownership has to be clearly stated whether it belongs to a scientist or to the institution where he/she works. This becomes a key element when defining data access parameters.
Contexts differ across research institutions, departments and non profit organizations. Generally, the state owns data produced by government scientists. In universities, sometimes scientists have rights to their data, sometimes, the institution owns the data.
As more alliances and partnerships are established between various organizations, intellectual property rights and recognition definitely have to be clearly stated.Suggested readings: